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Archeological Object

Stele


Stele with the god Amon

The large arched stele is the central figure as the god Amun seated on a throne with the symbol of the union of the two lands that decorates the side surface, the representation back almost identical on both sides. The depiction of God is in fact depicts the classical with the tiara surmounted by two tall plumes, in the hands of the god holds uas scepter, characterized by the termination fork from the handle and decorated with a canine head, a symbol of power, and the hieroglyph neb meaning "lord" and is often under the grapheme designating a god, above the mark is represented in fact a small ram, animal hypostasis of the god himself who points out the promise of fertility. At the top of steles to follow the camber is represented a winged sun disc surrounded by two snakes uraeus. This symbol comes from the evolution of the wings of a falcon, a symbol of heaven, with the addition of the sun and then becomes the star of the plea of arms as a symbol that connotes uraei real, its protective function undoubtedly does place mainly above the doors and stele. To complete the picture composition of the stele is a Sagittarius, centaur armed with a small bow, which is located at the bottom center below the throne. For location and quality of relief, though difficult to read, this could be considered a later addition.
The observation of the relief groove is very fine, simple, balanced composition, a certain archaic longing combined with a lightweight round and a strong determination physiognomy, such as the chin of the god, indicate how likely a late production, the Roullet proposed that this is a production of Roman type egittizante.

Further information
Identificazione (Label is not translated)
  Inventory number: 126085, 1951
Precedenti_localizzazioni (Label is not translated)
  Provenance: Purchase Barberini
Place of discovery
  Place of discovery:

Unknown. Probably from the Campo Marzio

Object
  Definizione: Stele
  Class and ware: Votive furnishings
  Title or subject:

Stele with the god Amon

Cronologia (Label is not translated)
  Period: Late period
Dati_tecnici (Label is not translated)
  Material: granite
  Height: 240
  Width: 120
  Length: 19
Bibliography
  Bibliography:
  • 1745, Pococke R., “Observations on Egypt”, London
  • 1972, Roullet A., “The Egyptian and egyptianizing monuments of imperial Rome”, in E.P.R.O., Leida, p.80
  • 1994, Lembke K, "Das Iseum Campense in Rom", Hildelberg
  • 2002, Raspi Serra J., “Il Primo incontro di Winkelmann con le collezioni romane”, Roma, p.191
  • 2008, Faedo L., “Storie di idoli e obelischi alle Quattro Fontane. Note sulle antichità Egizie nelle collezioni barberiniane” in “Culti orientali tra scavo e collezionismo” atti del Convegno 23/24 marzo 2006 Istituto Italiano di Studi Germanici, Roma