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Archeological Object

Wall relief from the tomb of Nefer


Wall relief from the tomb of Nefer

The relief shows a scene of funerary offerings where the deceased is represented at the offering table. In the upper part of the relief there is a hieroglyphic inscription with the name and titles of the deceased: "The overseer of the scribes of the documents of the king, the overseer of the treasury and the business agent of the king Nefer." The deceased, sitting on a seat equipped with a cushion and with zoomorphic legs, wears the shendyt and has a short wig covering his ears; he stretches out his right hand towards the offering table on which are depicted slices of bread. Under the table there is an inscription that reads: "a thousand loaves of bread, a thousand (jars of) beer, a thousand (vases of) ointment, a thousand clothes”.
The offering list continues in the long incised inscription in front of the deceased, divided into two parts: a section on the left with the text arranged in horizontal lines and one on the right, consisting of a list of offerings integrated in a box. This list includes a very detailed list of offerings between which appear: holy  water, natron, cosmetics for the eyes, various breads, meats and beverages, textiles and grain.
Finally in the area below the depicted scene there is an inscription consisting of large hieroglyphs in relief that shows the titles of the deceased again: "the overseer of the scribes of the workmen, the overseer of the treasury, Nefer."
The relief was above the lintel of the false-door stele located on the west wall in the funerary chapel of the mastaba G2110 in the necropolis of Giza.
Several museums preserve reliefs that come from the same tomb: the Louvre (inv. No. B51), the Carlsberg Glyptotek in Copenhagen (AEIN 819 and AEIN 937), the Museum of Fine Art in Boston (MFA 07.1002 and 31.780) and the City Art Museum of Birmingham (241.57).

Further information
Identificazione (Label is not translated)
  Inventory number: inv. 1
Precedenti_localizzazioni (Label is not translated)
  Provenance: From the Bonaparte collection
Place of discovery
  Place of discovery:

Necropolis of Giza, mastaba G2110

Object
  Definizione: Relief
  Class and ware: relief
  Title or subject:

Wall relief from the tomb of Nefer

Cronologia (Label is not translated)
  Period: First half of IV Dynasty
Dati_tecnici (Label is not translated)
  Material: Limestone
  Height: 84,5
  Width: 88
  Depth: 14
  Varie: Conservation status: fragmentary and recomposed. There is chipping along the edges and patina on the surface.
Bibliography
  Bibliography:

1942, Reisner G.A., "A History of Giza Necropolis”, I , Cambridge, pp. 308, 422,423
1954, Bosticco S. “La stele di Nfr del Museo Barracco in Roma”, in “Rendiconti della Classe do Scienze Morali, Storiche e Filologiche dell’Accademina Nazionale dei Lincei”, serie VIII, vol. IX, fasc. 3-4, pp. 103 - 121
1996, Sist L. ,  “Museo Barracco. Arte Egizia” Quaderno - 3, Roma, pp. 20 – 24