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Archeological Object

Sphinx


Sphinx

The sphinx stands on a rectangular base and is depicted with a tripartite wig that ends with two curls at shoulder height and decorated with the spoils of a vulture, whose wings are incised in great detail. The wig ends with a long tail on the back of the animal. The mane of the lion is made with a series of incised lines and the tail is curled along the right paw. An inscription at the center of the chest of the animal is arranged in two columns, which was to continue between the front legs, now lost. The text of the inscription reads: "An offering which the king gives to Amon-Ra, the perfect god, lord of the Two Lands, Men-Kheper-Ra, [loved] by Hat [hor]."
Bruckmann interpreted this as a sculpture of the queen Hatshepsut, but subsequent studies have highlighted the differences between the traits of the sovereign represented here and those of Hatshepsut; comparisons with other sculpture instead lead to the conclusion that the Sphinx in the Barracco collection belongs to the king Thutmose III.

Further information
Identificazione (Label is not translated)
  Inventory number: inv. 13
Place of discovery
  Place of discovery:

Found in Rome in the area of Iseo Campense.
Probably originally from the Theban area.

Object
  Definizione: statue
  Class and ware: Sculpture
  Title or subject:

Sphinx

Cronologia (Label is not translated)
  Period: XVIII Dynasty - reign of Thutmose III
Dati_tecnici (Label is not translated)
  Material: granite
  Height: 66
  Width: 29,5
  Length: 77
  Varie: Conservation status: discreet. The front of the base and the front legs are missing and there is chipping on the nose.
Bibliography
  Bibliography:

1983, Bruckmann, “La collezion Barracco”, Rome, pp. 36-45, tav. 7  
1996, Sist L.,  “Museo Barracco. Arte Egizia” Quaderno - 3, Roma, pp. 48-50