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Archeological Object

Stele of Redienfeni


Stele of Redienfeni

The funeral stele, rectangular shaped, presents the deceased with the family members. The surface is divided into three registers bounded by incised lines and is made up of images and text, which contains offering formulas and the names of the personages represented. In the upper register the image of the deceased is made as an emerging relief; the deceased, dressed in the shendyt and a short wig that leaves the ears uncovered, sits on a chair.  In front of him a table is placed on which one finds the offerings: slices of bread, a round flat bread, pots, the head of an ox and a cooked duck. Behind the offering table three columns with hieroglyphics are engraved  concerning the deceased:

"1 – An offering which the king gives to Osiris, great god, Lord of Abydos, for

2 – the ka of the great Ten gods of Upper Egypt, Redienfeni

3 - justified, born ... .... "

The son of the deceased is also represented in this register; he is portrayed standing with a wide skirt that reaches the ankles, while raising a hand towards his father as a sign of worship. The image of the son is also accompanied by two columns of text (reading direction from left to right):

“1 - His son, the Elder of the hall,

2 - Montu-nekhet " Behind Montu-nekhet the image of a woman kneeling is engraved while she beats her chest in mourning; she is the mother of the deceased, as indicated by the inscription which frames the figure

"1 - His mother, the mistress of the house, Abetib,

2 - justified."

The second register offers again an iconographic scheme similar to the previous one. The father of the deceased is represented in an emerging relief like his son and he is sitting at an offering table. The text placed in two columns in front of him reads:

"1 - An offering which the king gives to Osiris, great god, for the ka of

2 - the Elder of the hall Montu-nekhet ".

The second register is completed by the representation of two men in the act of offering. The first man, who offers a vessel for ointments and some triangular bread, is an uncle of the deceased as indicated by the inscription: "His brother, of his mother, Ahasenebefeni justified"; the other man, carrying two pieces of bread as an offering, is given in the text as "his son, the chief of the district Redienfeni justified". The final register is divided into two similar representations: a confronting man and a confronting woman are depicted seated on their knees while beating their chests in mourning.

The male figure in the right panel is accompanied by inscriptions which read as follows:

"1 - by his brother, who gives life to his name, the chief of

2 - the congregation of the priests of Abydos, Ibi

3 - born of Abetib".

The female figure of the right panel is called "His daughter, the mistress Hat-shep-sut, justified". In the other box are represented: "His son, the elder of the hall Hori, justified" and "his wife, the mistress of the house Sisi, the daughter of the citizen Seneb-su-ema, justified."
Further information
Identificazione (Label is not translated)
  Inventory number: inv. 177
Precedenti_localizzazioni (Label is not translated)
  Provenance: Purchased by francesco Castiglioni in 1830
Place of discovery
  Place of discovery:

The Necropolis of Abidos

Object
  Definizione: Funerary stele
  Class and ware: Funerary furnishings
  Title or subject: Stele of Redienfeni
Cronologia (Label is not translated)
  Period: XIII dynasty
Dati_tecnici (Label is not translated)
  Material: Limestone
  Height: 49
  Width: 43
  Varie:
Bibliography
  Bibliography: 1964, Botti G. “I cimeli egizi del Museo di Antichità di Parma” in Accademia Toscana di Scienze e Lettere “La Colombara”, vol. IX, Firenze, pp. 101 – 105, (cat. 177), tav. (table) XXIII